Pleeblandia

Thoughts from the front lines

GMO food, an upgrade or downgrade to mankind?

1 Comment

There are reasons why the book Oryx and Crake is called speculative fiction rather than science fiction. Atwood’s world is based on reality, things that may actually happen, considering how things are going in our real world.  In fact, many of the things mentioned, do actually exist already, or at least there are different people working on it.

In the novel, we will often encounter genetically modified organisms (GMO), that is animals created through the gene-splicing techniques of biotechnology, so far we got Pigoons, Rakunks, and Wolvogs.

Nonetheless, the list doesn’t stop there. They even went as far as modifying animals for our consumption by creating genetically modified chickens. No, not chickens, only living chicken parts. At first, I didn’t know if I was terrified or excited with the idea, but a feeling of awe was definitely growing inside of me.

Fortunately (or not) we do not have ChickieNobs yet, but we do have genetically modified plants.

gmo-food-corn1

This is a picture of how GMO corns are created!

Impressive, huh? However, let’s not forget that all new creations have their advantages and disadvantages. Let’s take a look at the Happicuppa example:

Happicuppa coffee was designed so that all of its beans would ripen simultaneously, and coffee could be grown on huge plantations and harvested with machines. This threw the small growers out of business and reduced both them and their laborers to starvation level poverty (p.179).

tumblr_nm0aib27mw1u9uapho1_500

In this case:

• Advantages: Easier and faster way to harvest without the need of manual work.
• Disadvantages: Small growers and laborers lose their jobs and fall into poverty.

Throughout the chapter, Atwood gives us some other arguments and of course some counter-arguments regarding gen-mod coffee in their world, surprisingly they are not that different from the benefits and the risks of GMO food in our world, so what are they?

Benefits

• Reduce crop loss due to pests, disease, or weeds;
• Reduce crop loss due to inadequate storage facilities, slow transportation (by delaying ripening or providing post-harvest pest resistance);
• Extend grow and harvest seasons;
• Greater consistency of production;
• Nutritional enhancement;

Risks:

• Use of a lot more water and fertilizer than traditional crops.
•  Increased use of pesticides (which created pesticide resistance while killing off some beneficial insects).
• Ineligible for export to countries that had not approved the specific genetic modification (most of the countries, including the entire Europe).
• Potential to produce allergens and toxins, dangerous to human health.
• No in-depth studies of the impact of GMO on humans

As a bonus, here are some more biased facts of GMO:

d5527fed66f1da3243ba2bc26c2b423c

And some interesting questions to ponder over:

ae74746f714c6469096f78b94145b3b2

(Obs: Monsanto is a leading producer of genetically modified food with its headquarters located in the USA).

– If they are so proud of the benefits of GMOs, why won’t they label it?
– Although GMO has been around for a while why there are no long-term GMO studies on humans?
– What do they know, that we don’t?

I think that from the paragraphs above, you can already deduce my opinion. Genetically modified food can definitely be beneficial in the short-term and even be a fast solution to world hunger, however, it is not sustainable since insects will evolve and develop total resistance and of course the possible health risks of ingesting modified food in the long-term.

So, What do you think? Is GMO food a way to enhance our food supply or an insidious human creation?

As we saw in the book, and throughout history, we need nature to survive, not the other way around. Thus, let’s not disregard the possibility of Atwood’s novel of being a premonition (just like Crake’s) of what the future could look like to us if we go overboard on trying to change nature. Ah, I don’t mean it that our future will look exactly like in the book, but rather the fact that our own creations can fire back at us.

For more information on GMO food click on the pictures or check the following websites:

http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2008/05/monsanto200805
http://fod.infobase.com/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=39438&loid=58455&tScript=0
https://gmo-awareness.com/
http://gmoinside.org/
http://www.inra.fr/en/content/search?SearchText=gmo&parent=72&submitbutton.x=0&submitbutton.y=0

References

Atwood, Margaret. Oryx and Crake. Paperback, US, 2003. Print.

Ceccoli, Stephen. “Explaining Attitudes toward Genetically Modified Foods in the  European Union.” International Political Science Review / Revue Internationale De Science Politique 33.3 (2012): 301-19. JSTOR. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

Olga, Lusaka Manda. “Controversy Rages over ‘GM’ Food Aid.” United Nations. United Nations, Feb. 2003. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

Weasel, Lisa H. Food Fray: Inside the Controversy Over Genetically Modified Food. New York: AMACOM, 2009. eBook Academic Collection, eds.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=5&sid=d60700cf-e13b-4fdd-9439-33cd15c271d2%40sessionmgr103&hid=103&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=251063&db=e000xna

 

 

Advertisements

Author: Tifanny

picture is from google. I forgot what was the exact source though

One thought on “GMO food, an upgrade or downgrade to mankind?

  1. I am definitely in agreement with your point of view and in fact, I believe that genetically modified organisms are beneficial and will allow the enhancement of our food supply. Although there are risks which are related to genetically modified organisms there are benefits as well. I believe that GMO’s may lead to something greater on the agricultural wise as well as on the economic aspect. Upon research that I have conducted for one of my classes this semester, Integrative Seminar, I was able to identify some of the benefits of organisms that have been genetically engineered:
    – They would restrict the spreading of pesticides which would contribute to the reduction of pollution in the environment.
    – They would increase production, decrease its costs, and would lead to a greater economy.
    – They are safe to produce and to consume.
    Although there are some that are for the use of genetically modified organisms or foods, many remain against their use.
    When I came across the question that you had mentioned which was: If they are so proud of the benefits of GMOs, why won’t they label it? I began to think of why they wouldn’t label them. I think it most probably has to do with the consumers. They wouldn’t want consumers who oppose the use of GMOs to create problems or things of that sort.
    Even though there are some risks, I believe that it would lead to a greater development and it would allows us to solve the problem of world hunger, as you had mention, which is a major problem in some countries.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s