Thoughts from the front lines


We Are What Our IDs Says

From what we have gathered from the lives of Toby, Adam, and Zeb, we learn that they have lived under different identities, and it was for all the same reasons: to hide from the authority. Though they have been quite MIA from the Compounds, they still managed to find jobs and they travel around quite easily, which involves showing some kind of identity. This got me thinking of how easy it is to make a pretend to be someone else or to hide from one’s self.

In Maddaddam, Adam and Zeb constructs identities out of cardboard. Then, they replace them with improved IDs by piecing together information of different people, and Zeb even steals one from a man. Though Zeb does say that these cards are not secure, they can still move around safely at some extent. Therefore, it is not that hard to live without a solid identity in their world.

If you google “Fake ID”, the first website it leads to actually sells fake IDs! I have a feeling that this website is a scam, but if it is real, then you can see how accessible it is to get a new age, name, or even citizenship. Although we can’t do much with that kind of uncertified pieces of plastic, the numbers that our country gives us (social insurance number, bank account, etc) can do you much harm if someone gets hold of it. In fact, as our lives becomes more electronically involved, the risks of theft or cybercrimes are rising. Through the works of hackers, millions of data can become accessible for everyone. For example, there was a case in the Swedish Medical Center at Seattle where data of many employees got exposed meaning that anyone could have wrote down their Social Security number, a form of identity. Thus, becoming someone else is pretty tangible, for identity is a physical thing.

This is a record of the amount of cybercrimes in just the United States

As Zeb and Adam are running around the continent with different identities, Toby hides in the Pleeblands avoiding spilling information about her own. She throws away her ID because she does not want to be discovered alive by the Corps, and her resources come from sketchy paying places that do not consult anything from her. Then, to be safe from Blanco and the Pleeblands, Toby is arranged to go back to the Compounds as Tobiatha, a new identity. The last time she needs to be this new girl is when the waterless flood wipes out everyone.

How does changing one’s identity so easy in a world where technology is said to be on the edge of being invincible and where security is apparently so well built up? Is make me think about how we are identified: are we just a piece of paper that proves our existence?




The Scent of Life

One thing that seems to reoccur once in awhile in the Oryx and Crake as well as The Year of the Flood is the mention of a particular sense: the smell. I know what you are thinking… Smell? Seriously? With all the facts about fake food, modified animals, and perfectionist humans, our olfactory senses seem less than meaningful, but in these two books, I found that smell can mean attraction, predation, and even comfort.

When Snowman described the Crakers, he said that they smelled of citrus, a smell that makes him go limp. There may actually be a reason for this loss of attraction: pheromones. Researches haven’t found this kind chemical compounds in humans, but it has in other species. What happens is that the pheromones released of one will affect the behaviour of others. For example, the sex pheromones released by a boar will arouse another boar, which lead to reproduction. Perhaps Crake programmed the Crakers to start their reproducing ritual from a whiff of that citrus scent they release. Though humans’ olfaction is not as prominent as our other senses such as sight, studies have shown that each have a preference in smell amongst us. In fact, a study in which women had to smell odours of men showed that each preferred the scent of the man who had the most different immune system DNA than her. The possible explanations may include natural selection since it leads to offsprings with better immune systems.

Although pheromones has the power attract a specie towards something, it can equally be used as an attack or defense mechanism. For instance, the Crakers’ purring kept them safe from wolvogs and bobkittens due of the chemicals released from their urine. The stench plays a role in keeping the predators away because their receptors and stimuli detect smells like these as harmful. Basically, a bad odour can warn us of possible danger around us, which is great because we can stay alarmed on things we can see such as gas leaks.

Now, I can’t end this post without talking about the Compounds and their lifestyle, can I?. When Ren first came back to the Compounds, she found the smell of this fenced community to be too artificial, too chemically scented. Well, I found a video on TedTalks in which explains the use of our sense of smell to shape our behaviour and our personality. It explains how commercial scents have so much power on us because they can use it to play with our brains.

We’ve all had a memory rushing back to us at the catch of a whiff of Elmer’s glue that we all thought was part of the wallpaper of our kindergarten walls. However, knowing the motives behind  corporations, I can’t help but think about the person I turned out due to the smell I was surrounded by. Could it be possible that our senses have turned against us, and  we can’t see it because all our lives corporations built us to be great consumers and avid technology lovers?


“Danger! – Fifth Sense.” Fifth Sense. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2017.
Kubota, Taylor. “The Connection between Scent and Sexual Attraction.” Men’s Journal. Men’s Journal, 22 Feb. 2016. Web. 04 Mar. 2017.
Nordqvist, Christian. “What Are Pheromones? Do Humans Have Pheromones?” Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2017.